The this pointer is used as a pointer to the class object instance by the member function. The address of the class instance is passed as an implicit parameter to the member functions. The sample below, in this c++ Tutorial shows how to use it. It is a common knowledge that C++ keeps only one copy of each member function and the data members are allocated memory for all of their instances. This kind of various instances of data are maintained use this pointer. Look at the sample below, in this c++ Tutorial.
C++ Tutorial - important notes on this pointer:
- this pointer stores the address of the class instance, to enable pointer access of the members to the member functions of the class.
- this pointer is not counted for calculating the size of the object.
- this pointers are not accessible for static member functions.
- this pointers are not modifiable.
Look at the following example to understand how to use the 'this' pointer explained in this C++ Tutorial.
class this_pointer_example // class for explaining C++ tutorial
//Function using this pointer for C++ Tutorial
//Function without using this pointer
void setdata(int newval)
data1 = newval;
Thus, a member function can gain the access of data member by either using this pointer or not.